Type 24 Pillbox

 

Type 24 Pillbox

Type 24 Pillbox

Key facts

  • Official designation: FW3/24
  • Shape: Irregular hexagonal
  • Five faces of 8ft (2.4m) in length externally and a rear face of 13ft (3.96m) with two rifle loops and an entrance 2ft (61cm) wide.
  • Those with thinner walls (up to 15ins) have rifle embrasures built in; the thicker-walled version (up to 24ins) has pre-formed embrasures designed to accommodate light machine guns (LMG’s).

    Type 24 Bullet Proof Pillbox.

    Type 24 Bullet Proof Pillbox.
    Drawing copyright Tim Denton 2005

 

Information obtained from pillbox typology part 2 in Loopholes journal of the PSG. With kind permission of Mike Osborne.

Bullet Proof Type 24 Pillbox GHQ Line A

Bullet Proof Type 24 Pillbox GHQ Line A

Large Shellproof Type 24 Pillbox with chamfered roofline along GHQ Line A.

FW3/24 Shellproof

This type can be found along the route of GHQ Line A in Hampshire and Line B in Surrey with all walls built to a thickness of 51″, examples found beside the River Mole have provision on lower walls to hold trail legs for the Bren Gun tripod. Between Chilworth and Dorking in Surrey via the route of the North Downs Way dozens of Hexagonal shellproof Type 24 Pillboxes can be found dug in to the high chalky slopes and woodland. Variations in loopholes depth and wider mountings points were provided for the operation of the Boys Anti Tank Rifle on its T shaped bipod.   

Plan of Shellproof Type 24. Drawing Copyright Tim Denton

Plan of Shellproof Type 24. Drawing Copyright Tim Denton

 

North Downs Way Shellproof Type 24 Pillbox

North Downs Way Shellproof Type 24 Pillbox

All examples have either elongated X  or Y shaped inner blast walls, regional loophole variations include cast concrete embrasures or just a  plain brick opening. Angled off or chamfered roof edges as as aid to deflect enemy fire, this is more commonly seen on dug in defences.

Interior of shellproof Type 24 Pillbox, Basingstoke Canal. Looking to rear with side loophole, rear loophole and interior blastwall, note corrugated iron ceiling shuttering and wooden table batten edge of shelf top.

A Shellproof Type 24 Pillbox with entrance protected by an L shaped blastwall, Slaugham, West Sussex.

A Shellproof Type 24 Pillbox with entrance protected by an L shaped blastwall, Slaugham, West Sussex.

Pictures by Tim Denton
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Defence Structures and sites of all types both above and below ground can be very dangerous. Serious injury or even death can arise from unauthorised entry into such sites and structures. Join a responsible club, group or society who can arrange official visits. The Pillbox Study Group accepts no responsibility for any damages or injuries caused by ignoring this advice. The PSG does not encourage members to undertake the ad hoc clearance of vegetation from pillboxes, as it can expose them to physical damage and inappropriate use, it may also contravene a variety of statutory regulations including, listed buildings and SSSI designations. Vegetation clearance should only ever be undertaken as part of a formal arrangement, having sought and obtained permission from the land owner and other necessary authorities. Damaging a listed or scheduled monument can be considered as a Heritage Crime.

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