Essex Lozenge

essex lozenge

Essex Lozenge

This type is unique to the Essex coastline and is purpose designed to command the flat lying land around the estuaries. It is an elongated octagon in shape having three angled faces of approximately 2m length at either end and 7m long sidewalls allowing the pillbox to straddle what would have been a low sea defence bank. There are five embrasures in each end, three in the angled faces and two in the side walls close to the ends. The entrance was in the middle of one side and was covered by a porch facing inland. Internally there is an anti-ricochet wall that runs down the middle of the chamber which has a T section at the front end of the chamber only. In the years after the war the sea bank has been built up and the pillboxes are now partially buried. The entrances and side embrasures on most have now been covered over.

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Defence Structures and sites of all types both above and below ground can be very dangerous. Serious injury or even death can arise from unauthorised entry into such sites and structures. Join a responsible club, group or society who can arrange official visits. The Pillbox Study Group accepts no responsibility for any damages or injuries caused by ignoring this advice. The PSG does not encourage members to undertake the ad hoc clearance of vegetation from pillboxes, as it can expose them to physical damage and inappropriate use, it may also contravene a variety of statutory regulations including, listed buildings and SSSI designations. Vegetation clearance should only ever be undertaken as part of a formal arrangement, having sought and obtained permission from the land owner and other necessary authorities. Damaging a listed or scheduled monument can be considered as a Heritage Crime.

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